Glial NF-kappa B inhibition alters neuropeptide expression after sciatic nerve injury in mice

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14 Scopus citations


We utilized a transgenic mouse model where nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is selectively inhibited in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressing cells. The transgene, GFAP-IκBα-dn, overexpresses a dominant negative form of the inhibitor of NF-κB (IκBα) under the control of the GFAP promoter. In the present work, we sought to understand the impact of glial NF-κB inhibition on the expression of pain mediating sensory neuropeptides galanin and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) in a model of neuropathic pain in mice. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the left sciatic nerve was performed on wild type (WT) and GFAP-IκBα-dn transgenic mice. RT-PCR and immunohistological staining were performed in sciatic nerve and/or L4-L5 DRG tissue for galanin, CGRP and macrophage marker CD11b. GFAP-IκBα-dn mice had less mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia compared to WT mice post-CCI. After CCI, we observed galanin upregulation in DRG and sciatic nerve, which was less in GFAP-IκBα- dn mice. CGRP gene expression in the DRG increased transiently on day 1 post-CCI in WT but not in GFAP-IκBα-dn mice, and no evidence of CGRP upregulation in sciatic nerve post-CCI was found. After CCI, upregulation of CD11b in sciatic nerve was less in GFAP-IκBα-dn mice compared to WT mice, indicative of less macrophage infiltration. Our results showed that glial NF-κB inhibition reduces galanin and CGRP expression, which are neuropeptides that correlate with pain behavior and inflammation after peripheral nerve injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalBrain research
StatePublished - Apr 18 2011


  • Astrocytes
  • Chronic constriction injury
  • Inflammation
  • Neuropathic pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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