Glaucoma, capillaries and pericytes. 3. Peptide hormone binding and influence on pericytes

Gabryleda Ferrari-Dileo, Barry Davis, Douglas R. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

To test the potential for vasoactive neuropeptide receptors to affect capillary resistance, we have begun to study the plausibiIity that pericytes might be equipped to respond to a representative peptide vasoconstrictor and a representative peptide vasodilator. Pericytes cultured from the bovine retinal vasculature specifically bind the angiotensin II (Ang II) antagonist saralasin (1 nM 125I-saralasin bound at 2.2±0.41 fmol/mg protein) and 125I-vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP; K(d) of 0.5 nM with a population of 30 fmol/mg protein). Incubation with 100 μM Ang II induced minimal cAMP synthesis, while VIP (1 μM, 100 μM) did not induce any change in cAMP concentration. Ang II (10 μM and 100 μM) caused contraction of pericytes cultured on an elastic silicone surface. Circulating or locally produced vasoactive neuropeptides might affect pericyte contractile tone via several intracellular pathways, moderated by indirect effects of these peptides through endothelial stimulation, with the net effect on local blood flow resulting from the effects on arteries and veins as well as capillaries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmologica
Volume210
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Angiotensin
  • Blood flow regulation
  • Capillaries
  • Cell culture
  • Glaucoma
  • Pericytes
  • Retina
  • Vasoactive intestinal peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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