GFRP Reinforcement in Concrete after 15 Years of Service

Omid Gooranorimi, Antonio Nanni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite bar is emerging as a feasible and economical solution to eliminate the corrosion problem of steel reinforcements in concrete structures; thus, confirmation of its long-term durability is crucial. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance of GFRP bars exposed to concrete alkalinity and ambient conditions after 15 years of service. In order to monitor possible changes in GFRP and concrete, samples were extracted from a bridge for various types of analysis. Carbonation depth and pH of the concrete surrounding the GFRP bars were measured. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were performed on GFRP coupons. Finally, GFRP horizontal shear strength, glass transition temperature (Tg), and fiber content were measured and compared with the results of similar tests performed on control samples at the time of construction. The SEM and EDS did not show any sign of GFRP microstructural deterioration or change of chemical composition, and Tg and fiber content were comparable to pristine values while the results of the horizontal shear strength were inconclusive. This study adds new evidence to the validation of the long-term durability of GFRP bars as concrete reinforcement in field applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04017024
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Durability
  • Glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP)
  • Horizontal shear strength
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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