Geographic gender differences in traumatic unintentional injury hospitalization and youth drinking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Few studies have used both spatial and non-spatial techniques to the study of alcohol outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify clusters of traumatic unintentional injury hospitalizations by gender and blood alcohol concentration (BAC), and to determine trends and correlates by BAC levels. Methods: State Trauma Registry data capturing unintentional injuries for those aged 10 to 24 hospitalized with negative and positive BAC levels (n = 6233) were analyzed from 2006 to 2015 for all Chicago block groups. Spatial clustering techniques were applied to detect spatial clusters and Generalized Estimating Equations to determine correlates and trends while controlling for correlation within block groups. Results: Regardless of BAC level, hospitalization rates decreased for all age groups between 2006 to 2010 and 2011 to 2015 from 94.41 to 67.69 per 100,000 population. The decline for males hospitalized with positive BAC was 1.4 times greater than the decline for their female counterparts. Risk factors included being male, black or of a minority race, having no private insurance and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Male hospitalization rates clustered among 33 census block groups located in three Chicago Community Areas. No clustering was detected for female patients. Motor vehicle accidents were the leading cause of hospitalization. Conclusions: Hospitalizations are decreasing in Chicago, yet the risk is concentrated, with greater decreasing rates among males than females. Spatial approaches can be valuable tools in analyzing substance abuse outcomes, to identify high-risk areas and shifts in risk within a large geographic area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107701
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Hospitalization
Alcohols
Blood
Wounds and Injuries
Cluster Analysis
Insurance
Underage Drinking
Blood Alcohol Content
Accidents
Motor Vehicles
Vulnerable Populations
Censuses
Substance-Related Disorders
Registries
Age Groups
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Population

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Chicago
  • Clusters
  • Epidemiology
  • GIS
  • Illinois
  • SaTScan
  • Substance use
  • United States
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Geographic gender differences in traumatic unintentional injury hospitalization and youth drinking",
abstract = "Introduction: Few studies have used both spatial and non-spatial techniques to the study of alcohol outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify clusters of traumatic unintentional injury hospitalizations by gender and blood alcohol concentration (BAC), and to determine trends and correlates by BAC levels. Methods: State Trauma Registry data capturing unintentional injuries for those aged 10 to 24 hospitalized with negative and positive BAC levels (n = 6233) were analyzed from 2006 to 2015 for all Chicago block groups. Spatial clustering techniques were applied to detect spatial clusters and Generalized Estimating Equations to determine correlates and trends while controlling for correlation within block groups. Results: Regardless of BAC level, hospitalization rates decreased for all age groups between 2006 to 2010 and 2011 to 2015 from 94.41 to 67.69 per 100,000 population. The decline for males hospitalized with positive BAC was 1.4 times greater than the decline for their female counterparts. Risk factors included being male, black or of a minority race, having no private insurance and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Male hospitalization rates clustered among 33 census block groups located in three Chicago Community Areas. No clustering was detected for female patients. Motor vehicle accidents were the leading cause of hospitalization. Conclusions: Hospitalizations are decreasing in Chicago, yet the risk is concentrated, with greater decreasing rates among males than females. Spatial approaches can be valuable tools in analyzing substance abuse outcomes, to identify high-risk areas and shifts in risk within a large geographic area.",
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N2 - Introduction: Few studies have used both spatial and non-spatial techniques to the study of alcohol outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify clusters of traumatic unintentional injury hospitalizations by gender and blood alcohol concentration (BAC), and to determine trends and correlates by BAC levels. Methods: State Trauma Registry data capturing unintentional injuries for those aged 10 to 24 hospitalized with negative and positive BAC levels (n = 6233) were analyzed from 2006 to 2015 for all Chicago block groups. Spatial clustering techniques were applied to detect spatial clusters and Generalized Estimating Equations to determine correlates and trends while controlling for correlation within block groups. Results: Regardless of BAC level, hospitalization rates decreased for all age groups between 2006 to 2010 and 2011 to 2015 from 94.41 to 67.69 per 100,000 population. The decline for males hospitalized with positive BAC was 1.4 times greater than the decline for their female counterparts. Risk factors included being male, black or of a minority race, having no private insurance and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Male hospitalization rates clustered among 33 census block groups located in three Chicago Community Areas. No clustering was detected for female patients. Motor vehicle accidents were the leading cause of hospitalization. Conclusions: Hospitalizations are decreasing in Chicago, yet the risk is concentrated, with greater decreasing rates among males than females. Spatial approaches can be valuable tools in analyzing substance abuse outcomes, to identify high-risk areas and shifts in risk within a large geographic area.

AB - Introduction: Few studies have used both spatial and non-spatial techniques to the study of alcohol outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify clusters of traumatic unintentional injury hospitalizations by gender and blood alcohol concentration (BAC), and to determine trends and correlates by BAC levels. Methods: State Trauma Registry data capturing unintentional injuries for those aged 10 to 24 hospitalized with negative and positive BAC levels (n = 6233) were analyzed from 2006 to 2015 for all Chicago block groups. Spatial clustering techniques were applied to detect spatial clusters and Generalized Estimating Equations to determine correlates and trends while controlling for correlation within block groups. Results: Regardless of BAC level, hospitalization rates decreased for all age groups between 2006 to 2010 and 2011 to 2015 from 94.41 to 67.69 per 100,000 population. The decline for males hospitalized with positive BAC was 1.4 times greater than the decline for their female counterparts. Risk factors included being male, black or of a minority race, having no private insurance and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Male hospitalization rates clustered among 33 census block groups located in three Chicago Community Areas. No clustering was detected for female patients. Motor vehicle accidents were the leading cause of hospitalization. Conclusions: Hospitalizations are decreasing in Chicago, yet the risk is concentrated, with greater decreasing rates among males than females. Spatial approaches can be valuable tools in analyzing substance abuse outcomes, to identify high-risk areas and shifts in risk within a large geographic area.

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KW - SaTScan

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KW - United States

KW - Young adults

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