Genomic imbalances and microRNA transcriptional profiles in patients with mycosis fungoides

Fuad Huaman Garaicoa, Alejandro Roisman, Mariana Arias, Carla Trila, Miguel Fridmanis, Alejandra Abeldaño, Silvia Vanzulli, Marina Narbaitz, Irma Slavutsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides is the most common type of primary cutaneous T cell lymphoma. We have evaluated CDKN2A losses and MYC gains/amplifications by FISH analysis, as well as expression of miR-155 and members of the oncogenic cluster miR-17-92 (miR17, miR18a, miR19b, and miR92a) in MF patients with advanced disease. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded skin biopsies from 36 patients at diagnosis, 16 with tumoral MF (T-MF), 13 in histological transformation to a large T cell lymphoma (TR-MF), and 7 cases with folliculotropic variant (F-MF), were studied. Twenty cases showed genomic alterations (GAs): 8 (40 %) had CDKN2A deletion, 7 (35 %) showed MYC gain, and 5 (25 %) exhibited both alterations. GAs were more frequently observed in F-MF (p = 0.004) and TR-MF (p = 0.0001) than T-MF. GAs were significantly higher in cases presenting lesions in head, neck, and lower extremities compared to those observed in trunk and upper extremities (p = 0.03), when ≥25 % neoplastic cells were CD30 positive (p = 0.016) as well as in cases with higher Ki-67 proliferation index (p = 0.003). Patients with GAs showed bad response to treatment (p = 0.02) and short survival (p = 0.04). Furthermore, MF patients showed higher miRNA expression compared to controls (p ≤ 0.0223). T-MF showed higher miR17 and miR-18a expression compared to F-MF and TR-MF (p ≤ 0.0387) while miR19b, miR92a, and miR-155 showed increased levels in F-MF and TR-MF with respect to T-MF (p ≤ 0.0360). Increased expression of miR17 and miR19b in GA group compared to cases without alterations (p ≥ 0.0307) was also detected. Our results add new information about genomic imbalances in MF patients, particularly in F-MF, and extend the present view of miRNA deregulation in this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13637-13647
Number of pages11
JournalTumor Biology
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • FISH
  • Genomic alterations
  • microRNA expression
  • miR-155
  • miR-17-92 cluster
  • Mycosis fungoides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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