Genome-wide analysis of alternative transcripts in human breast cancer

Ji Wen, Kevin H. Toomer, Zhibin Chen, Xiaodong Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcript variants play a critical role in diversifying gene expression. Alternative splicing is a major mechanism for generating transcript variants. A number of genes have been implicated in breast cancer pathogenesis with their aberrant expression of alternative transcripts. In this study, we performed genome-wide analyses of transcript variant expression in breast cancer. With RNA-Seq data from 105 patients, we characterized the transcriptome of breast tumors, by pairwise comparison of gene expression in the breast tumor versus matched healthy tissue from each patient. We identified 2839 genes, ~10 % of protein-coding genes in the human genome, that had differential expression of transcript variants between tumors and healthy tissues. The validity of the computational analysis was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR assessment of transcript variant expression from four top candidate genes. The alternative transcript profiling led to classification of breast cancer into two subgroups and yielded a novel molecular signature that could be prognostic of patients’ tumor burden and survival. We uncovered nine splicing factors (FOX2, MBNL1, QKI, PTBP1, ELAVL1, HNRNPC, KHDRBS1, SFRS2, and TIAR) that were involved in aberrant splicing in breast cancer. Network analyses for the coordinative patterns of transcript variant expression identified twelve “hub” genes that differentiated the cancerous and normal transcriptomes. Dysregulated expression of alternative transcripts may reveal novel biomarkers for tumor development. It may also suggest new therapeutic targets, such as the “hub” genes identified through the network analyses of transcript variant expression, or splicing factors implicated in the formation of the tumor transcriptome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-307
Number of pages13
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2015

Keywords

  • Alternative transcript
  • Breast cancer
  • Classification
  • Network
  • Splicing
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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