Genitourinary System

Anthony Atala

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The genitourinary system may be exposed to a variety of possible injuries from the time the fetus develops. Individuals may suffer from congenital disorders, cancer, trauma, infection, inflammation, iatrogenic injuries, or other conditions that may lead to genitourinary organ damage or loss and necessitate eventual reconstruction. Whenever there is a lack of native urologic tissue, reconstruction may be performed with native non-urologic tissues (skin, gastrointestinal segments, or mucosa from multiple body sites), homologous tissues (cadaver fascia, cadaver or donor kidney), heterologous tissues (bovine collagen), or artificial materials (silicone, polyurethane, Teflon). The tissues used for reconstruction may lead to complications because of their inherently different functional parameters. In most cases, the replacement of lost or deficient tissues with functionally equivalent tissues would improve the outcome for these patients. This goal may be attainable with the use of tissue-engineering techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples of Tissue Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9780123983589
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Acellular tissue matrix
  • Biomaterial
  • Cells
  • Collagen
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Genitourinary system
  • Matrices
  • Naturally derived
  • Reconstruction
  • Synthetic polymer
  • Tissue
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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