This study determined the effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ2 Pro12Ala variant on body composition and metabolism and the magnitude of weight regain in 70 postmenopausal women (BMI 25-40 kg/m2) who completed 6 months of a hypocaloric diet. At baseline, BMI, percent body fat, intra-abdominal and subcutaneous abdominal fat areas, resting metabolic rate, substrate oxidation, and post-prandial glucose and insulin responses were not different between genotypes (Pro/Pro = 56, Pro/Ala and Ala/Ala = 14). The intervention similarly decreased body weight by 8 ± 1% in women homozygous for the Pro allele and by 7 ± 1% in women with the Ala allele (P < 0.0001). Fat oxidation did not change in Pro/Pro women but decreased 19 ± 9% in women with the Ala allele (P < 0.05). Changes in glucose area were not different between groups; however, women with the Ala allele decreased their insulin area more than women homozygous for the Pro allele (P < 0.05). Weight regain during follow-up was greater in women with the Ala allele than women homozygous for the Pro allele (5.4 ± 0.9 vs. 2.8 ± 0.4 kg, P < 0.01). PPAR-γ2 genotype was the best predictor of weight regain (r = 0.50, P < 0.01), followed by the change in fat oxidation (partial r = 0.35, P < 0.05; cumulative r = 0.58). Thus, the Pro12Ala variant of the PPAR-γ2 gene may influence susceptibility for obesity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism