Genetic manipulation of adhesion GPCR CD97/ADGRE5 modulates invasion in patient-derived glioma stem cells

D. G. Eichberg, T. I. Slepak, A. L. Pascoini, R. J. Komotar, M. E. Ivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Effective glioblastoma (GBM) treatment is limited by high invasiveness and heterogeneity. Current therapies target proliferating Glioma Stem Cell (GSC) subpopulations while sparing invading GSCs, which eventually engender tumor recurrence after treatment. Surface receptor CD97/ADRGE5 is associated with invasion and metastasis regulation in non-CNS cancers. Although CD97 expression level positively correlates with poor GBM patient prognosis, its role in this tumor is unclear. Methods: Here, we examined CD97 function in primary patient-derived GSCs (pdGSCs) obtained from five GBM tumors, belonging to three major genetic subtypes. We compared endogenous CD97 levels in pdGSCs to the corresponding patient MRI’s radiographic invasion pattern aggressiveness. We manipulated CD97 levels in these pdGSCs by knockdown and overexpression and analyzed: (i) stem and subtype marker expression, (ii) in vitro invasive properties, and (iii) cell proliferation. Results: Endogenous CD97 levels in pdGSCs positively correlated with radiographic invasion pattern aggressiveness on patient MRIs, and in vitro invasion rate. CD97 knockdown decreased pdGSC invasion rates in vitro, most markedly in mesenchymal subtype pdGSCs, as well as classical subtype pdGSCs. Invasion rates in vitro increased after CD97 overexpression predominately in proneural subtype pdGSCs. In the pdGSC line with the lowest endogenous CD97 level, CD97 overexpression increased the proliferation rate almost threefold. Conclusions: For the first time in pdGSCs, we have shown that CD97 knockdown decreases and overexpression increases invasion rate in vitro. The effect of CD97 on invasion is pdGSC subtype-dependent. Future in vivo and mechanistic studies are needed for validation. Pharmacologic CD97 inhibitors should be identified, as they may potentially therapeutically diminish GBM invasion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-391
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion GPCR
  • CD97/ADGRE5
  • Cancer stem cell
  • G protein coupled receptor
  • Glioblastoma
  • Invasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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