Analysis of cell lineage is based on the use of genetic markers inherent to the lineage to be analysed. The breakpoints of unbalanced translocations, and the pattern of chromosomal loss/gain determined by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), have been previously used to demonstrate lineages in diffuse-type gastric carcinoma. Signet ring cell carcinoma was shown to progress to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and early diffuse-type gastric carcinoma to advanced diffuse-type gastric carcinoma. The present study focuses on poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with a tubular component to clarify its derivation. CGH and array CGH were applied to DNA extracted from multiple portions of individual tumours and amplified by degenerate oligonucleotide-primed (DOP) PCR and the changes common to the samples in each tumour (stemline changes) were compared between the tumours with and those without a tubular component. Within individual tumours, the samples from the tubular component and those from the other components had common stemline changes and a very similar frequency pattern of chromosomal changes, indicating their common derivation. Frequent stemline changes were 8q+, 7p+, 3q+, 20q+, and 10p+, and these were different from those in the tumours without a tubular component. It was noticed that there were two subgroups in the tumours with a tubular component: one with 5p+, 6p+, 7p+, and 10p+, and the other without these changes. The latter had cytogenetic and clinicopathological features similar to those of the tumours without a tubular component. Analysis of the clonal evolution process by constructing dendrograms for each tumour gave results consistent with the notion that the latter subgroup may derive from signet ring cell carcinoma and the former from tubular adenocarcinoma.
- Array CGH
- Laser microdissection
- Lineage analysis
- Poorly differentiated carcinoma
- Tubular component
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine