Genetic evidence for critical roles of P38α protein in regulating mast cell differentiation and chemotaxis through distinct mechanisms

Ping Hu, Nadia Carlesso, Mingjiang Xu, Yan Liu, Angel R. Nebreda, Clifford Takemoto, Reuben Kapur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mast cells mediate a range of immune responses. However, the mechanisms that contribute to their development remain poorly understood. Here, using a P38α conditional knockout system, we provide evidence to suggest that P38α plays critical roles in regulating mast cell differentiation and migration via distinct mechanisms. Induced deletion of P38α in bone marrow cells retards the maturation of mast cells in part by inhibiting the activation of cAMP response element-binding protein and expression of microphthalmia- associated transcription factor, which encourages the generation of basophils over mast cells. In fully differentiated mast cells, absence of P38α inhibits stem cell factor-induced activation of Akt and ERK, which is associated with reduced chemotaxis. In vivo, conditional deletion of P38αresults in reduced numbers of mast cells in certain tissues and a failure to reconstitute these cells inWsh mice transplanted with P38α-/- Lin-c-kit+Sca-1+ (LKS+) cells. Our findings suggest that P38α plays a dual role in mast cell development by regulating IL-3-induced differentiation of mast cell progenitor cells as well as by regulating stem cell factor-induced migration of fully differentiated mast cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20258-20269
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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