Generalized Stokes parameters of random electromagnetic beams

Olga Korotkova, Emil Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

186 Scopus citations


A generalization of the Stokes parameters of a random electromagnetic beam is introduced. Unlike the usual Stokes parameters, which depend on one spatial variable, the generalized Stokes parameters, depend on two spatial variables. They obey precise laws of propagation, both in free space and in any linear medium, whether deterministic or random. With the help of the generalized Stokes parameters, the changes in the ordinary Stokes parameters upon propagation can be determined. Numerical examples of such changes are presented. The generalized Stokes parameters contain information not only about the polarization properties of the beam but also about its coherence properties. We illustrate this fact by expressing the degree of coherence of the electromagnetic beam in terms of one of the generalized Stokes parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-200
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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