General feelings of gratitude, gratitude to god, and hemoglobin A1c: Exploring variations by gender*

Neal Krause, Robert A. Emmons, Gail Ironson, Peter C. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research indicates that feeling grateful is associated with better physical health. However, most studies rely on self-reports of health. The purpose of this study is to see if feelings of gratitude in general as well as feeling grateful to God specifically are associated with a key biomarker of health–hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). HbA1c is an indicator of blood sugar control. In the process of assessing the relationship between gratitude and HbA1c, an effort is made to see if the relationship between these measures and HbA1c vary by gender. Findings from a recent nationwide survey indicate that women are more likely than men to feel grateful in general and to feel grateful to God. The results further reveal stronger feelings of general gratitude are associated with lower levels of HbA1c. However, this relationship did not differ for men and women. In contrast, feeling grateful to God was associated with lower HbA1c, but this relationship emerged among women only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-650
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Positive Psychology
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017

Keywords

  • Gratitude
  • HbA1c
  • gender differences
  • health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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