General anesthesia in the pediatric population

Kara M. Cavuoto, Luis I. Rodriguez, Jacqueline Tutiven, Ta C. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This article reviews the pertinent perioperative, intraoperative, and short- and long-term postoperative risks associated with general anesthesia in children undergoing ocular surgery. Recent Findings: Animal studies suggest an association between general anesthesia and neurodevelopmental delay; however, animal pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics do not directly correlate with human metrics. Retrospective human studies present conflicting data. Further, prospective studies in humans are underway, with projected results available within the next 3-5 years. Summary: All surgeons should be aware of current practices in pediatric anesthetic care, as well as the immediate- and long-term risks of general anesthesia. Ophthalmologists with pediatric patients should be aware of the potentially life-threatening conditions associated with general anesthesia. Additionally, the relative lifelong risks and benefits of general anesthetic exposure should be considered when recommending surgery, especially in light of the child's age, health status, and necessity of multiple anesthetic events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-416
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • general anesthesia
  • neurodevelopmental delay
  • pediatric ocular surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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