General anesthesia in the pediatric population

Kara M Cavuoto, Luis I. Rodriguez, Jacqueline Tutiven, Ta Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of Review: This article reviews the pertinent perioperative, intraoperative, and short- and long-term postoperative risks associated with general anesthesia in children undergoing ocular surgery. Recent Findings: Animal studies suggest an association between general anesthesia and neurodevelopmental delay; however, animal pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics do not directly correlate with human metrics. Retrospective human studies present conflicting data. Further, prospective studies in humans are underway, with projected results available within the next 3-5 years. Summary: All surgeons should be aware of current practices in pediatric anesthetic care, as well as the immediate- and long-term risks of general anesthesia. Ophthalmologists with pediatric patients should be aware of the potentially life-threatening conditions associated with general anesthesia. Additionally, the relative lifelong risks and benefits of general anesthetic exposure should be considered when recommending surgery, especially in light of the child's age, health status, and necessity of multiple anesthetic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-416
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


General Anesthesia
General Anesthetics
Health Status
Retrospective Studies
Prospective Studies


  • general anesthesia
  • neurodevelopmental delay
  • pediatric ocular surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

General anesthesia in the pediatric population. / Cavuoto, Kara M; Rodriguez, Luis I.; Tutiven, Jacqueline; Chang, Ta.

In: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 411-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cavuoto, Kara M ; Rodriguez, Luis I. ; Tutiven, Jacqueline ; Chang, Ta. / General anesthesia in the pediatric population. In: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology. 2014 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 411-416.
title = "General anesthesia in the pediatric population",
abstract = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.",
keywords = "general anesthesia, neurodevelopmental delay, pediatric ocular surgery",
author = "Cavuoto, {Kara M} and Rodriguez, {Luis I.} and Jacqueline Tutiven and Ta Chang",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/ICU.0000000000000088",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "411--416",
journal = "Current Opinion in Ophthalmology",
issn = "1040-8738",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",



T1 - General anesthesia in the pediatric population

AU - Cavuoto, Kara M

AU - Rodriguez, Luis I.

AU - Tutiven, Jacqueline

AU - Chang, Ta

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

AB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

KW - general anesthesia

KW - neurodevelopmental delay

KW - pediatric ocular surgery

UR -

UR -

U2 - 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000088

DO - 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000088

M3 - Article

C2 - 24991869

AN - SCOPUS:84906101410

VL - 25

SP - 411

EP - 416

JO - Current Opinion in Ophthalmology

JF - Current Opinion in Ophthalmology

SN - 1040-8738

IS - 5

ER -