Gender, race/ethnicity, and social class in research reports on stigma in HIV-positive women

Margarete Sandelowski, Julie Barroso, Corrine I. Voils

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The layering of HIV-related stigma with stigmas associated with gender, race, and class poses a methodological challenge to those seeking to understand and, thereby, to minimize its negative effects. In this meta-study of 32 reports of studies of stigma conducted with HIV-positive women, we found that gender was hardly addressed despite the all-female composition of samples. Neither sexual orientation nor social class received much notice. Race was the dominant category addressed, most notably in reports featuring women in only one race/ethnic group. The relative absence of attention to these categories as cultural performances suggests the recurring assumption that sample inclusiveness automatically implies the inclusion of gender, race, and class, which is itself a cultural performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-288
Number of pages16
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)

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