Gender in the Context of Supportive and Challenging Religious Counseling Interventions

Michael E. McCullough, Everett L. Worthington, Jennifer Maxey, Kenneth C. Rachal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


This study explored an interactive framework for understanding how gender influences the counseling process in religious counseling. Participants (N = 314) viewed 1 of 16 videotapes in which either a male or female counselor interacted with a male or female client about a religious problem. Counselors either supported or challenged the clients' religious values. It was found that female counselors were perceived as more religious and effective than were their male counterparts. Multiple regression was used to demonstrate that perception of counselors' religiousness partially mediates the influence of gender on perceived effectiveness of the counselor. Results illustrate that the effects of gender on the counseling process can be predicted with an interactive model. Participants' religiousness also interacted with intervention type to influence their perceptions of the counselors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gender in the Context of Supportive and Challenging Religious Counseling Interventions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this