Gender Differences in Demographic and Health Characteristics of the Million Veteran Program Cohort

VA Million Veteran Program

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The Department of Veterans Affairs Million Veteran Program (MVP) is the largest ongoing cohort program of its kind, with 654,903 enrollees as of June 2018. The objectives of this study were to examine gender differences in the MVP cohort with respect to response and enrollment rates; demographic, health, and health care characteristics; and prevalence of self-reported health conditions. Methods: The MVP Baseline Survey was completed by 415,694 veterans (8% women), providing self-report measures of demographic characteristics, health status, and medical history. Results: Relative to men, women demonstrated a higher positive responder rate (23.0% vs. 16.0%), slightly higher enrollment rate (13.5% vs. 12.9%), and, among enrollees, a lower survey completion rate (59.7% vs. 63.8%). Women were younger, more racially diverse, had higher educational attainment, and were less likely to be married or cohabitating with a partner than men. Women were more likely to report good to excellent health status but poorer physical fitness, and less likely to report lifetime smoking and drinking than men. Compared with men, women veterans showed an increased prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions, thyroid problems, gastrointestinal conditions, migraine headaches, and mental health disorders, as well as a decreased prevalence of gout, cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hearing problems. Conclusions: These results revealed some substantial gender differences in the research participation rates, demographic profile, health characteristics, and prevalence of health conditions for veterans in the MVP cohort. Findings highlight the need for tailoring recruitment efforts to ensure representation of the increasing women veteran population receiving care through the Veterans Health Administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S56-S66
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2019

Fingerprint

Veterans
gender-specific factors
Demography
Health
health
Veterans Health
health status
Health Status
fitness
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
chronic illness
Physical Fitness
Gout
smoking
Migraine Disorders
mental health
Mental Disorders
Self Report
health care
Hearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Maternity and Midwifery

Cite this

Gender Differences in Demographic and Health Characteristics of the Million Veteran Program Cohort. / VA Million Veteran Program.

In: Women's Health Issues, Vol. 29, 25.06.2019, p. S56-S66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bb5e1731a077416f9c378ac0e00e85ef,
title = "Gender Differences in Demographic and Health Characteristics of the Million Veteran Program Cohort",
abstract = "Background: The Department of Veterans Affairs Million Veteran Program (MVP) is the largest ongoing cohort program of its kind, with 654,903 enrollees as of June 2018. The objectives of this study were to examine gender differences in the MVP cohort with respect to response and enrollment rates; demographic, health, and health care characteristics; and prevalence of self-reported health conditions. Methods: The MVP Baseline Survey was completed by 415,694 veterans (8{\%} women), providing self-report measures of demographic characteristics, health status, and medical history. Results: Relative to men, women demonstrated a higher positive responder rate (23.0{\%} vs. 16.0{\%}), slightly higher enrollment rate (13.5{\%} vs. 12.9{\%}), and, among enrollees, a lower survey completion rate (59.7{\%} vs. 63.8{\%}). Women were younger, more racially diverse, had higher educational attainment, and were less likely to be married or cohabitating with a partner than men. Women were more likely to report good to excellent health status but poorer physical fitness, and less likely to report lifetime smoking and drinking than men. Compared with men, women veterans showed an increased prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions, thyroid problems, gastrointestinal conditions, migraine headaches, and mental health disorders, as well as a decreased prevalence of gout, cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hearing problems. Conclusions: These results revealed some substantial gender differences in the research participation rates, demographic profile, health characteristics, and prevalence of health conditions for veterans in the MVP cohort. Findings highlight the need for tailoring recruitment efforts to ensure representation of the increasing women veteran population receiving care through the Veterans Health Administration.",
author = "{VA Million Veteran Program} and Harrington, {Kelly M.} and Nguyen, {Xuan Mai T.} and Song, {Rebecca J.} and Keri Hannagan and Rachel Quaden and Gagnon, {David R.} and Kelly Cho and Deen, {Jennifer E.} and Sumitra Muralidhar and O'Leary, {Timothy J.} and Gaziano, {John Michael} and Whitbourne, {Stacey B.} and Gaziano, {J. Michael} and Rachel Ramoni and Jim Breeling and Chang, {Kyong Mi} and Grant Huang and O'Donnell, {Christopher J.} and Tsao, {Philip S.} and Jennifer Moser and Brewer, {Jessica V.} and John Concato and Stuart Warren and Pharm D and Argyres, {Dean P.} and Brady Stephens and Brophy, {Mary T.} and Humphries, {Donald E.} and Nhan Do and Shahpoor Shayan and Saiju Pyarajan and Elizabeth Hauser and Yan Sun and Hongyu Zhao and Peter Wilson and Rachel McArdle and Louis Dellitalia and John Harley and Jeffrey Whittle and Jean Beckham and John Wells and Salvador Gutierrez and Gretchen Gibson and Laurence Kaminsky and Gerardo Villareal and Scott Kinlay and Junzhe Xu and Mark Hamner and Haddock, {Kathlyn Sue} and Florez, {Hermes J}",
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month = "6",
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T1 - Gender Differences in Demographic and Health Characteristics of the Million Veteran Program Cohort

AU - VA Million Veteran Program

AU - Harrington, Kelly M.

AU - Nguyen, Xuan Mai T.

AU - Song, Rebecca J.

AU - Hannagan, Keri

AU - Quaden, Rachel

AU - Gagnon, David R.

AU - Cho, Kelly

AU - Deen, Jennifer E.

AU - Muralidhar, Sumitra

AU - O'Leary, Timothy J.

AU - Gaziano, John Michael

AU - Whitbourne, Stacey B.

AU - Gaziano, J. Michael

AU - Ramoni, Rachel

AU - Breeling, Jim

AU - Chang, Kyong Mi

AU - Huang, Grant

AU - O'Donnell, Christopher J.

AU - Tsao, Philip S.

AU - Moser, Jennifer

AU - Brewer, Jessica V.

AU - Concato, John

AU - Warren, Stuart

AU - D, Pharm

AU - Argyres, Dean P.

AU - Stephens, Brady

AU - Brophy, Mary T.

AU - Humphries, Donald E.

AU - Do, Nhan

AU - Shayan, Shahpoor

AU - Pyarajan, Saiju

AU - Hauser, Elizabeth

AU - Sun, Yan

AU - Zhao, Hongyu

AU - Wilson, Peter

AU - McArdle, Rachel

AU - Dellitalia, Louis

AU - Harley, John

AU - Whittle, Jeffrey

AU - Beckham, Jean

AU - Wells, John

AU - Gutierrez, Salvador

AU - Gibson, Gretchen

AU - Kaminsky, Laurence

AU - Villareal, Gerardo

AU - Kinlay, Scott

AU - Xu, Junzhe

AU - Hamner, Mark

AU - Haddock, Kathlyn Sue

AU - Florez, Hermes J

PY - 2019/6/25

Y1 - 2019/6/25

N2 - Background: The Department of Veterans Affairs Million Veteran Program (MVP) is the largest ongoing cohort program of its kind, with 654,903 enrollees as of June 2018. The objectives of this study were to examine gender differences in the MVP cohort with respect to response and enrollment rates; demographic, health, and health care characteristics; and prevalence of self-reported health conditions. Methods: The MVP Baseline Survey was completed by 415,694 veterans (8% women), providing self-report measures of demographic characteristics, health status, and medical history. Results: Relative to men, women demonstrated a higher positive responder rate (23.0% vs. 16.0%), slightly higher enrollment rate (13.5% vs. 12.9%), and, among enrollees, a lower survey completion rate (59.7% vs. 63.8%). Women were younger, more racially diverse, had higher educational attainment, and were less likely to be married or cohabitating with a partner than men. Women were more likely to report good to excellent health status but poorer physical fitness, and less likely to report lifetime smoking and drinking than men. Compared with men, women veterans showed an increased prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions, thyroid problems, gastrointestinal conditions, migraine headaches, and mental health disorders, as well as a decreased prevalence of gout, cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hearing problems. Conclusions: These results revealed some substantial gender differences in the research participation rates, demographic profile, health characteristics, and prevalence of health conditions for veterans in the MVP cohort. Findings highlight the need for tailoring recruitment efforts to ensure representation of the increasing women veteran population receiving care through the Veterans Health Administration.

AB - Background: The Department of Veterans Affairs Million Veteran Program (MVP) is the largest ongoing cohort program of its kind, with 654,903 enrollees as of June 2018. The objectives of this study were to examine gender differences in the MVP cohort with respect to response and enrollment rates; demographic, health, and health care characteristics; and prevalence of self-reported health conditions. Methods: The MVP Baseline Survey was completed by 415,694 veterans (8% women), providing self-report measures of demographic characteristics, health status, and medical history. Results: Relative to men, women demonstrated a higher positive responder rate (23.0% vs. 16.0%), slightly higher enrollment rate (13.5% vs. 12.9%), and, among enrollees, a lower survey completion rate (59.7% vs. 63.8%). Women were younger, more racially diverse, had higher educational attainment, and were less likely to be married or cohabitating with a partner than men. Women were more likely to report good to excellent health status but poorer physical fitness, and less likely to report lifetime smoking and drinking than men. Compared with men, women veterans showed an increased prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions, thyroid problems, gastrointestinal conditions, migraine headaches, and mental health disorders, as well as a decreased prevalence of gout, cardiovascular diseases, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hearing problems. Conclusions: These results revealed some substantial gender differences in the research participation rates, demographic profile, health characteristics, and prevalence of health conditions for veterans in the MVP cohort. Findings highlight the need for tailoring recruitment efforts to ensure representation of the increasing women veteran population receiving care through the Veterans Health Administration.

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DO - 10.1016/j.whi.2019.04.012

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JO - Women's Health Issues

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SN - 1049-3867

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