Gender differences in caregiving stress among caregivers of cancer survivors

Youngmee Kim, Matthew J. Loscalzo, David K. Wellisch, Rachel L. Spillers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Despite a growing body of research on male caregivers, limited information is available on male caregivers of cancer survivors. Furthermore, few studies have examined the unique contribution of caregiver esteem as well as care-recipient's functional status as potential mediators of the link between gender and caregiving stress. Thus, the present study examines how the caregiver's perception of providing care to a spouse with cancer differs by gender. The proposed mediators, caregiver's esteem and care-recipient's psychosocial and physical functioning, were tested simultaneously, utilizing structural equation modeling. Results revealed that both caregiver's esteem and care-recipient's psychosocial functioning were significant mediators, but in different directions. Specifically, husband caregivers reported higher caregiver's esteem, which resulted in reporting less stress from providing care to their wife with cancer. On the other hand, when husband caregivers provided care to their wife with poorer psychosocial functioning, they reported greater stress from caregiving. Husband caregivers will benefit from programs designed to educate them to effectively assist their wife's psychosocial adjustment to cancer by reducing their stress from providing care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1086-1092
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer caregiving
  • Caregiver esteem
  • Caregiving stress
  • Gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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