Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia can induce overproduction of triglyceride (TG) rich VLDL in the liver by increasing the availability of free fatty acids (FFA). Conversely, apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) is an inhibitor of the catabolism of TG-rich lipoproteins. To explore the relationship among FFA, apo C-III and TG in hyperinsulinemic subjects, we studied 103 individuals (63 women and 40 men) with a body mass index (BMI) 25 Kg/m2: 59 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), and 44 with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. After adjustment for age, BMI, fasting insulin and TG, FFA were significantly higher in women than in men and in subjects with diabetes compared with NGT. Subjects with diabetes had higher apo C-III levels compared to NGT, adjusted for age, sex and BMI, and that was largely accounted for by differences in insulin and TG levels. In addition, regression analysis in subjects with diabetes showed that TG were strongly associated with apo C-III in both men and women (r = 0.90 and 0.79, respectively; p < 0.001), while the association tended to be smaller between TG and FFA (r = 0.48, p < 0.05 in men and r = 0.45, p = 0.06 in women). Conversely, in individuals with NGT fasting TG was strongly associated with apo C-III in men (r = 0.83, p < 0.01) but not with FFA, while in women TG was associated with FFA (r = 0.39, p < 0.05) but not with apo C-III. In summary, elevated apo C-III was a predominant factor associated with elevated TG levels in NGT men and all subjects with type 2 diabetes, while FFA were more closely related with TG levels in NGT women.
|Translated title of the contribution||Gender differences and diabetic status in the relationship of blood apolipoprotein C-III, free fatty acids and triglycerides in subjects at risk for glucose intolerance|
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Mar 1999|
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