Gender and Ethnic Differences in Health-Promoting Behaviors of Rural Adolescents

Lynn Rew, Kristopher Arheart, Sharon D. Horner, Sanna Thompson, Karen E. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although much is known about health-risk behaviors of adolescents, less is known about their health-promoting behaviors. The purpose of this analysis was to compare health-promoting behaviors in adolescents in Grades 9–12 by gender and ethnicity and explore how these behaviors changed over time. Data were collected from 878 rural adolescents (47.5% Hispanic; mean age at baseline 14.7 years). Males from all ethnic groups scored significantly higher than all females on physical activity; non-Hispanic Black males and females scored significantly higher than other ethnic groups on safety behaviors. Hispanic and non-Hispanic White females scored higher than males in these ethnic groups on stress management. Nutrition, physical activity, and safety behaviors decreased significantly for most participants from Grade 9 to 12 whereas stress management remained relatively stable. Findings are similar to those from nationally representative samples that analyzed cross-sectional data and have implications for school nursing interventions to improve health-promoting behaviors in rural adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-232
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of School Nursing
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2015

Keywords

  • cultural issues
  • exercise
  • health/wellness
  • high school
  • nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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