Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction

Alvaro Sanchez, Carmelo Vazquez, Diego Gomez, Jutta Joormann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study tested the interplay between mood and attentional deployment by examining attention to positive (i.e., happy faces) and negative (i.e., angry and sad faces) stimuli in response to experimental inductions of sad and happy mood. Participants underwent a negative, neutral, or positive mood induction procedure (MIP) which was followed by an assessment of their attentional deployment to emotional faces using eye-tracking technology. Faces were selected from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces (KDEF) database (Lundqvist, Flykt, & öhman, 1998). In the positive MIP condition, analyses revealed a mood- congruent relation between positive mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. In the negative MIP condition, however, analyses revealed a mood- incongruent relation between increased negative mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. Furthermore, attentional deployment to happy faces after the negative MIP predicted participants' mood recovery at the end of the experimental session. These results suggest that attentional processing of positive information may play a role in mood repair, which may have important clinical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalEmotion
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Fingerprint

Automatic Data Processing
Databases
Technology

Keywords

  • Cognitive biases
  • Emotional processing
  • Mood regulation
  • Mood repair
  • Selective attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction. / Sanchez, Alvaro; Vazquez, Carmelo; Gomez, Diego; Joormann, Jutta.

In: Emotion, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.02.2014, p. 85-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sanchez, A, Vazquez, C, Gomez, D & Joormann, J 2014, 'Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction', Emotion, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 85-94. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034500
Sanchez, Alvaro ; Vazquez, Carmelo ; Gomez, Diego ; Joormann, Jutta. / Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction. In: Emotion. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 85-94.
@article{71d4654a0df74f0da66a035133ee550a,
title = "Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction",
abstract = "The present study tested the interplay between mood and attentional deployment by examining attention to positive (i.e., happy faces) and negative (i.e., angry and sad faces) stimuli in response to experimental inductions of sad and happy mood. Participants underwent a negative, neutral, or positive mood induction procedure (MIP) which was followed by an assessment of their attentional deployment to emotional faces using eye-tracking technology. Faces were selected from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces (KDEF) database (Lundqvist, Flykt, & {\"o}hman, 1998). In the positive MIP condition, analyses revealed a mood- congruent relation between positive mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. In the negative MIP condition, however, analyses revealed a mood- incongruent relation between increased negative mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. Furthermore, attentional deployment to happy faces after the negative MIP predicted participants' mood recovery at the end of the experimental session. These results suggest that attentional processing of positive information may play a role in mood repair, which may have important clinical implications.",
keywords = "Cognitive biases, Emotional processing, Mood regulation, Mood repair, Selective attention",
author = "Alvaro Sanchez and Carmelo Vazquez and Diego Gomez and Jutta Joormann",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0034500",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "85--94",
journal = "Emotion",
issn = "1528-3542",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gaze-fixation to happy faces predicts mood repair after a negative mood induction

AU - Sanchez, Alvaro

AU - Vazquez, Carmelo

AU - Gomez, Diego

AU - Joormann, Jutta

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - The present study tested the interplay between mood and attentional deployment by examining attention to positive (i.e., happy faces) and negative (i.e., angry and sad faces) stimuli in response to experimental inductions of sad and happy mood. Participants underwent a negative, neutral, or positive mood induction procedure (MIP) which was followed by an assessment of their attentional deployment to emotional faces using eye-tracking technology. Faces were selected from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces (KDEF) database (Lundqvist, Flykt, & öhman, 1998). In the positive MIP condition, analyses revealed a mood- congruent relation between positive mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. In the negative MIP condition, however, analyses revealed a mood- incongruent relation between increased negative mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. Furthermore, attentional deployment to happy faces after the negative MIP predicted participants' mood recovery at the end of the experimental session. These results suggest that attentional processing of positive information may play a role in mood repair, which may have important clinical implications.

AB - The present study tested the interplay between mood and attentional deployment by examining attention to positive (i.e., happy faces) and negative (i.e., angry and sad faces) stimuli in response to experimental inductions of sad and happy mood. Participants underwent a negative, neutral, or positive mood induction procedure (MIP) which was followed by an assessment of their attentional deployment to emotional faces using eye-tracking technology. Faces were selected from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces (KDEF) database (Lundqvist, Flykt, & öhman, 1998). In the positive MIP condition, analyses revealed a mood- congruent relation between positive mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. In the negative MIP condition, however, analyses revealed a mood- incongruent relation between increased negative mood and greater attentional deployment to happy faces. Furthermore, attentional deployment to happy faces after the negative MIP predicted participants' mood recovery at the end of the experimental session. These results suggest that attentional processing of positive information may play a role in mood repair, which may have important clinical implications.

KW - Cognitive biases

KW - Emotional processing

KW - Mood regulation

KW - Mood repair

KW - Selective attention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84895077207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84895077207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0034500

DO - 10.1037/a0034500

M3 - Article

C2 - 24188064

AN - SCOPUS:84895077207

VL - 14

SP - 85

EP - 94

JO - Emotion

JF - Emotion

SN - 1528-3542

IS - 1

ER -