Gas phase elemental mercury: A comparison of LIF detection techniques and study of the kinetics of reaction with the hydroxyl radical

D. Bauer, L. D'Ottone, P. Campuzano-Jost, A. J. Hynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have examined the sensitivity of single and sequential two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) techniques for the detection of elemental mercury, Hg(0), in the gas phase. Single photon LIF involves excitation of the 6 3 P 1 -6 1 S 0 transition at 253.7 nm, followed by observation of resonance fluorescence. Sequential two-photon techniques follow the initial 6 3 P 1 -6 1 S 0 excitation with a second excitation step to either the 7 1 S 0 or 7 3 S 1 levels followed by observation of blue or red shifted fluorescence. We have examined four variants of these approaches which all exceed the sensitivity of single photon LIF. The most sensitive detection approach involves the initial 253.7 nm excitation followed by excitation of the 7 1 S 0 -6 3 P 1 transition at 407.8 nm. Fluorescence is observed on the 6 1 P 1 -6 1 S 0 transition at 184.9 nm. Using this approach, our limits of detection are 0.1 ng m -3 with a 10 s integration time in air. We have also examined the effects of saturation, quenching and line-width on detection sensitivity. We have used the pulsed laser photolysis-pulsed laser-induced fluorescence (PLP-PLIF) technique to study the kinetics of the reaction of elemental mercury with the hydroxyl radical under atmospheric conditions at 298 K. We see no evidence for reaction and obtain an upper limit of 1.2×10 -13 cm 3 molecule -1 s -1 for the rate coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume157
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2003

Keywords

  • Elemental mercury
  • Laser-induced fluorescence
  • Pulsed laser photolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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