The intrapancreatic neuropeptide galanin has been demonstrated to lower plasma insulin levels in vivo. The effects of this peptide on insulin secretion, cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration and membrane potential have now been studied in vitro. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was inhibited by galanin under these conditions, indicating a direct effect of the peptide on the β-cells. The neuropeptide reversed both the increase in membrane potential and cytoplasmic free Ca2+ in response to glucose stimulation. At a non-stimulatory concentration of the sugar, galanin induced a slight hyperpolarization without any effect on cytoplasmic free Ca2+. Galanin did not affect K+-induced increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+, excluding a direct inhibitory effect on the voltage-activated Ca2+ channels. The results indicate that galanin inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin release involves hyperpolarization with a subsequent decrease in cytoplasmic free Ca2+.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|State||Published - Nov 14 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology