The G protein β subunit Gβ5 deviates significantly from the other four members of Gβ-subunit family in amino acid sequence and subcellular localization. To detect the protein targets of Gβ5 in vivo, we have isolated a native Gβ5 protein complex from the retinal cytosolic fraction and identified the protein tightly associated with Gβ5 as the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) protein, RGS7. Here we show that complexes of Gβ5 with RGS proteins can be formed in vitro from the recombinant proteins. The reconstituted Gβ5-RGS dimers are similar to the native retinal complex in their behavior on gel-filtration and cation-exchange chromatographies and can be immunoprecipitated with either anti-Gβ5 or anti-RGS7 antibodies. The specific Gβ5-RGS7 interaction is determined by a distinct domain in RGS that has a striking homology to Gγ subunits. Deletion of this domain prevents the RGS7-Gβ5 binding, although the interaction with Gα is retained. Substitution of the Gγ-like domain of RGS7 with a portion of Gγ1 changes its binding specificity from Gβ5 to Gβ1. The interaction of Gβ5 with RGS7 blocked the binding of RGS7 to the Gα subunit Gαo, indicating that Gβ5 is a specific RGS inhibitor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 2 1999|
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