Future trends in thermal energy

Freddie H. Fu, Lee D. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Current research is focussing on the parameters that affect tissue response to thermal energy. A clearer understanding of the interaction between thermal delivery systems, technique, and tissue response will allow for advancement. The future use for thermal energy in orthopedics depends on continued basic science and clinical research to ensure safe and efficacious results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-770
Number of pages6
JournalClinics in Sports Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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