Future directions for evidence-based pain management

Elizabeth R. Felix, Diana D. Cardenas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Many people with spinal cord injury (SCI)-related chronic pain report inadequate relief of pain from the currently available treatment options. As such, it is imperative that the field of SCI pain move forward with novel treatment strategies that are supported by sound scientific investigation. Consensus on an SCI pain classification scheme and collection of standardized pain outcome measures in SCI would facilitate these research endeavors. Controlled trials of novel pharmacological agents and promising combination drug treatments as well as alternative therapies (e.g., massage, acupuncture, exercise) are recommended. The need for advancement in the area of SCI pain management is particularly urgent considering the reports of sensory side effects related to cellular transplant therapies utilized in studies of neuronal regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-104
Number of pages11
JournalTopics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007


  • Acupuncture
  • Complementary alternative medicine
  • Exercise
  • Massage
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Pain
  • Spinal cord injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation


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