Functional Imaging in Wounds: Imaging Modalities of Today and Tomorrow

Scott Stratman, Caralin Schneider, Hadar Lev-Tov, Robert S. Kirsner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wound care is a multidisciplinary field with significant economic burden to our healthcare system. Not only does wound care cost the US healthcare system $20 billion annually, but wounds also remarkably impact the quality of life of patients; wounds pose significant risk of mortality, as the five-year mortality rate for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and ischemic ulcers is notably higher compared to commonly encountered cancers such as breast and prostate. Although it is important to measure how wounds may or may not be improving over time, the only relative "marker" for this is wound area measurement-area measurements can help providers determine if a wound is on a healing or non-healing trajectory. Because wound area measurements are currently the only readily available "gold standard" for predicting healing outcomes, there is a pressing need to understand how other relative biomarkers may play a role in wound healing. Currently, wound care centers across the nation employ various techniques to obtain wound area measurements; length and width of a wound can be measured with a ruler, but this carries a high amount of inter- and intrapersonal error as well as uncertainty. Acetate tracings could be used to limit the amount of error but do not account for depth, thereby making them inaccurate. Here, we discuss current imaging modalities and how they can serve to accurately measure wound size and serve as useful adjuncts in wound assessment. Moreover, new imaging modalities are also discussed and how up-and-coming technologies can provide important information on "biomarkers" for wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalSurgical technology international
Volume38
StatePublished - May 20 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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