A growing body of evidence from several laboratories points at nonmechanical functions of keratin intermediate filaments (IF), such as control of apoptosis, modulation of signaling, or regulation of innate immunity, among others. While these functions are generally assigned to the ability of IF to scaffold other proteins, direct mechanistic causal relationships between filamentous keratins and the observed effects of keratin knockout or mutations are still missing. We have proposed that the scaffolding of chaperones such as Hsp70/40 may be key to understand some IF nonmechanical functions if unique features or specificity of the chaperoning activity in the IF scaffold can be demonstrated. The same criteria of uniqueness could be applied to other biochemical functions of the IF scaffold. Here, we describe a subcellular fractionation technique based on established methods of keratin purification. The resulting keratin-enriched fraction contains several proteins tightly associated with the IF scaffold, including Hsp70/40 chaperones. Being nondenaturing, this fractionation method enables direct testing of chaperoning and other enzymatic activities associated with IF, as well as supplementation experiments to determine the need for soluble (cytosolic) proteins. This method also permits to analyze inhibitory activity of cytosolic proteins at independently characterized physiological concentrations. When used as complementary approaches to knockout, knockdown, or site-directed mutagenesis, these techniques are expected to shed light on molecular mechanisms involved in the effects of IF loss of function.