Full-term and preterm infants' perception of face-voice synchrony

Jeffrey Pickens, Tiffany Field, Thomas Nawrocki, Alex Martinez, Dianelys Soutullo, Jeanette Gonzalez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated auditory-visual matching of faces and voices by preterm versus full-term infants at 3, 5, and 7 months of age. A total of 141 infants were tested using a two-screen preference procedure in which subjects were presented side-by-side videos of two females reciting nursery ryhmes while a centrally presented voice soundtrack was synchronized with only one film. A significantly higher rate of visual fixation to the sound-matching films was observed in the full-term 3- and 7-month groups, but not at 5 months. Longitudal testing confirmed the U- shaped development curve for full-term infant's task performance. In contrast to full terms, preterm infants did not display evidence of detecting face-voice synchrony. This suggests that an auditory-visual matching deficit may be associated with infant prematurity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-455
Number of pages9
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • cross-modal matching
  • infant
  • perception
  • prematurity
  • synchrony

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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