Full-Annulus simulation of nonsynchronous blade vibration excitation of an axial compressor

Daniel Espinal, Hong Sik Im, Ge Cheng Zha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


A high speed 1-1/2 axial compressor stage is simulated in this paper using an unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) solver for a full-annulus configuration to capture its nonsynchronous vibration (NSV) flow excitation with rigid blades. A thirdorder weighted essentially nonoscillatory scheme for the inviscid flux and a second-order central differencing for the viscous terms are used to resolve nonlinear unsteady fluid flows. A fully conservative rotor/stator sliding boundary condition (BC) is employed with multiple-processor capability for rotor/stator sliding interface that accurately captures unsteady wake propagation between the rotor and stator blades while conserving fluxes across the rotor/stator interfaces. The predicted dominant frequencies using the blade tip response signals are not harmonic to the engine order, which is the NSV excitation. The simulation is based on a rotor blade with a 1.1% tip-chord clearance. Comparison with the previous 1/7 annulus simulations show that the time-shifted phase-lag BCs used in the 1/7 annulus are accurate. For most of the blades, the NSV excitation frequency is 6.2% lower than the measurement in the rig test, although some blades displayed slightly different NSV excitation frequencies. The simulation confirms that the NSV is a full annulus phenomenon. The instability of the circumferential traveling vortices in the vicinity of the rotor tip due to the strong interaction of incoming flow is the main cause of the NSV excitation. This instability is present in all blades of the rotor annulus. For circumferentially averaged parameters like total pressure ratio, NSV is observed to have an effect on the radial profile, particularly at radial locations above 70% span. A design with a lower loading of the upper blade span and a higher loading of the midblade spans is recommended to mitigate or remove NSV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031008
JournalJournal of Turbomachinery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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