Frontline registered nurse job satisfaction and predictors over three decades: A meta-analysis from 1980 to 2009

Deborah A Saber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Background: Frontline registered nurses' job satisfaction is important because it is tied to retention, organizational commitment, workforce safety, patient safety, and cost savings. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively, quantitatively examine the largest, moderate, and smallest predictors of frontline registered nurse job satisfaction from 1980 to2009. Methods: A non-a priori meta-analysis was used to analyze studies that met inclusion. Results: Sixty-two studies and 27 job satisfaction predictors met inclusion for analysis. The largest effect sizes were found for task requirements (r = .61), empowerment (r = .55), and control (r = .52), and moderate effect sizes were found for 10 predictors. Fail-safe N indicates high reliability. Heterogeneity between studies was present in all of the 27 predictor analyses. Conclusions: The largest predictors of job satisfaction for the frontline registered nurse may be different than previously thought. Supporting past research, autonomy and stress were found to be moderate predictors of satisfaction. Heterogeneity indicates study differences or moderator influence in studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-414
Number of pages13
JournalNursing Outlook
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014



  • Frontline registered nurse
  • Job satisfaction
  • Meta-analysis
  • Nurses
  • Predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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