ABSTRACT: In spite of a long and tortuous history of the acute management of frontal sinus fractures, current optimal management remains steeped in controversy. These fractures are frequently produced by excessive forces and are often accompanied with other injuries. However, disruption of the nasofrontal duct persists as essential to maintain proper sinus function and should guide current management. Although there has never been any distinct procedure defining optimal outcomes, proper treatment is contingent on precise diagnosis culled from a complete history, physical examination, and imaging studies. This is further augmented by the surgeon's intraoperative findings. Reconstruction will ultimately rest on the degree of disruption of the anterior and posterior sinus walls, as well as the status and function of the nasofrontal ducts. For these reasons, current management continues to be challenging and evolving. Thus, this review will discuss the etiology and clinical presentation of frontal sinus fractures, the current complications arising in the subject, and the evolution of treatment options towards a more conservative and endoscopic approach to care.
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