From Virtue to Freedom through Emotion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spinoza conceived human freedom as a matter solely of rationality, but an understanding of the role emotion plays in moral virtue can lead one toward viewing emotionality as also essential to human freedom. A large part of human freedom consists in our tendency to give intrinsic importance to people or things outside ourselves and take them into our lives; this sense of importance, in rich and various ways, brings emotion into the center of our lives and our freedom as individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-443
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers of Philosophy in China
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015


  • altruism
  • egoism
  • emotion
  • expansion
  • freedom
  • human lives
  • neutral motives
  • spontaneity
  • virtue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy


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