Ethnic, racial and regional differences in the frequency and pattern of p53 gene mutations have been well documented. Some of these differences have been shown to have an impact on the survival of patients with breast cancer. In this study we explored the frequency and pattern of p53 abnormality in a cohort of Spanish women with node-negative breast cancer using PCR, subcloning and DNA sequencing of archival tumors. One hundred and seventy-eight cases of breast cancer diagnosed between 1981 and 1986 at the University of Oviedo Hospital in Oviedo, Spain were subjects of this study. Sequence analysis of exons 5 through 8 of p53 was performed on subcloned PCR-amplified DNA, extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumors. Appropriate positive, negative, PCR, and polymerase controls were utilized and evaluated. Duplicate samples of the genomic DNA were re-evaluated on all cases showing more than one mutation. One hundred and five out of 178 breast cases (59%) carried one or more p53 gene mutations. Mutations were distributed randomly from codon 128 to 305. There were 123 (88%) transition, 10 (7%) transversion, 5 (3.5%) splice junction mutations, and 2 (1.5%) deletions. Eighty-three cases (61.5%) had missense mutation, 45 (33.5%) silent, 5 (3.5%) nonsense and 2 (1.5%) frameshifts. Eighty (75%) of 120 transitions were G:C to A:T, 11 (25%) of which occurred at CpG sites. Sixteen mutations were in novel codons not reported in breast cancers previously. Codons with the highest frequency of mutations in this group were 278, 273, 213 and 227. We also detected 27 tumors with more than one mutation within a single exon or in different exons in the same patient. These findings suggest that the frequency and pattern of p53 mutations in this group of Spanish women with breast cancer is different than those reported in the United States and Northern Europe.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research