Free fatty acids associated with the high molecular weight aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex influence its structure and function

P. Sivaram, M. P. Deutscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases from higher eukaryotes often are isolated as high molecular weight complexes associated with other components such as lipids. Since hydrophobic interactions are involved in the organization of the complex, it has been suggested that interaction of synthetases with these lipids might be important for their structure and function. Delipidation is known to affect certain properties of synthetases within the complex including sensitivity to detergents plus salts, temperature inactivation, hydrophobicity, sensitivity to proteases, and, as shown here, sensitivity to p-mercuribenzoate and sites of papain cleavage. Of the lipids known to co-purify with the complex, cholesterol esters, phospholipids and free fatty acids, we show that the particular lipids responsible for many of these changes are the free fatty acids. Specific removal of fatty acids results in a complex with properties similar to one totally delipidated by detergent treatment, and readdition of the fatty acid fraction reverses the effects. The fatty acid fraction contains both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, but unsaturated fatty acids are much more effective in reversing the properties of the delipidated complex than are saturated fatty acids. These results indicate that the free fatty acids co-purifying with the synthetase complex bind to the synthetases and affect their structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5774-5779
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number10
StatePublished - Apr 25 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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