Free Fatty Acids and Energy Metabolites in Ischemic Cerebral Cortex with Noradrenaline Depletion

Shinichi Yoshida, Sami I. Harik, Raul Busto, Mercedes Santiso, Elena Martinez, Myron D. Ginsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested whether cerebral noradrenaline (NA) may play a central role in mediating the increased production of free fatty acids (FFAs) during cerebral ischemia. Levels of FFAs, cyclic AMP, and NA, as well as ATP, ADP, and AMP, were measured in cerebral cortex during decapitation ischemia in rats 2 weeks after unilateral locus ceruleus lesion. Comparisons were made between the results obtained from the contralateral cortex with normal NA content and the NA-depleted ipsilateral cortex. Although NA depletion was associated with a diminished transient rise of cyclic AMP in response to ischemia, it failed to influence the magnitude of FFA increase or the decline of energy state within the 15-min period of ischemia. A more than twofold increase of total FFAs (sum of palmitic, stearic, oleic, arachidonic, and docosahexaenoic acids) was observed in both hemispheres at 1 min after decapitation, when energy failure became manifest. The increased production of FFAs continued throughout the 15 min of ischemia, with a preferential rise in the levels of stearic and arachidonic acids. There was an inverse correlation between FFA levels and total adenylate pool. The results do not support a major role for NA and cyclic AMP in increasing cortical FFAs during complete ischemia. Instead, they are consistent with the view that impaired oxidative phosphorylation activates deacylating enzymes. Disturbance of reacylation due to energy depletion is probably another factor contributing to the continuous increase of FFAs during prolonged ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1984

Keywords

  • Brain ischemia
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Free fatty acids
  • Metabolic effect
  • Noradrenaline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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