Fracture healing: An overview of existing concepts

Theodore I. Malinin, H. Thomas Temple

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Healing of bone fractures has been studied for over several centuries. A number of fracture treatment modalities have been advocated, adapted, discarded, and reintroduced again. Effectiveness of many newer modalities has not been proven unequivocally. By convention, the process of bone fracture healing is divided into separate phases, but these phases are not distinct biologic entities, as one blends into another. The process of bone regeneration is subject to modification by factors such as physical attributes of the fracture itself and the condition of the individual sustaining the fracture. The operative treatment of fractures is universally practiced, but in some circumstances it may not represent the best option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Orthopaedic Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • bone regeneration
  • callus
  • fracture
  • fracture healing
  • hematoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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