Healing of bone fractures has been studied for over several centuries. A number of fracture treatment modalities have been advocated, adapted, discarded, and reintroduced again. Effectiveness of many newer modalities has not been proven unequivocally. By convention, the process of bone fracture healing is divided into separate phases, but these phases are not distinct biologic entities, as one blends into another. The process of bone regeneration is subject to modification by factors such as physical attributes of the fracture itself and the condition of the individual sustaining the fracture. The operative treatment of fractures is universally practiced, but in some circumstances it may not represent the best option.
- bone regeneration
- fracture healing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine