Forty-one years of structural continuity and social change in Nicaragua, 1950-1991

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Abstract

This paper examines the basic economic structure for Nicaragua and then seeks an explanation of these observations through an understanding of the political and historical setting. We shall apply a set of straightforward measures to the broad productive structure of the Nicaraguan economy over a long period of time in order to gauge the changes that occurred during three decades of agro-export expansion, ten years of contraction, and the present period of internal reconciliation, regional reintegration, and, hopefully, recovery. We conclude by contrasting Nicaragua's structural development to that of other nations of comparable income level during the same periods. Nicaragua, by promoting an agro-industrial export path for a long period of time, had only partially diffused the new agrarian technology but deepened the social differences that grew out of unequal participation in the prosperity during the 1960s and 1970s. It is ironic that the attempt at the forceful resolution of social differences may have contributed to keeping Nicaragua longer within the very productive structure that gave rise to the conflicts in the first place. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-392
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Developing Areas
Volume28
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

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