Formability of ultrafine-grain Mg Alloy AZ31B at warm temperatures

Q. Yang, A. K. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Warm formability of ultrafine-grain (UFG) AZ31B Mg alloy in the range of 150 °C to 311 °C is investigated. Refinement of grain size significantly improves the formability primarily through increasing strain rate sensitivity of flow stress and increasing diffuse quasi-stable flow, as compared with the coarse-grain AZ31B alloy. Strain rate sensitivity increases with increasing temperatures, and seems to be connected with dynamic recovery and grain boundary processes. For fine-grain sizes, twinning is inhibited. At 200 °C and strain rates below 2 × 10-4s-1, the UFG AZ31B alloy demonstrates a high rate of strain hardening up to a true strain of 0.6, in addition to its high strain rate sensitivity, which is responsible for its enhanced formability. Examination of the microstructure shows that there is competition between dynamic grain growth and grain refinement during deformation at modest warm forming temperatures, the former causing hardening and the latter causing softening. Increasing the test strain rate and starting with larger grain size initiates deformation twinning during forming, and assists in the refinement of the coarser grains followed by recrystallization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2781-2796
Number of pages16
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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