Forgiveness Results From Integrating Information About Relationship Value and Exploitation Risk

Jeni L. Burnette, Michael McCullough, Daryl R. van Tongeren, Don E. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exploitation is a fact of life for social organisms, and natural selection gives rise to revenge mechanisms that are designed to deter such exploitations. However, humans may also possess cognitive forgiveness mechanisms designed to promote the restoration of valuable social relationships following exploitation. In the current article, the authors test the hypothesis that decisions about forgiveness result from a computational system that combines information about relationship value and exploitation risk to produce decisions about whom to forgive following interpersonal offenses. The authors examined the independent and interactive effects of relationship value and exploitation risk across two studies. In Study 1, controlling for other constructs related to forgiveness, the authors assessed relationship value and exploitation risk. In Study 2, participants experienced experimental manipulations of relationship value and exploitation risk. Across studies, using hypothetical and actual offenses and varied forgiveness measures, the combination of low exploitation risk and high relationship value predicted the greatest forgiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-356
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

Forgiveness
Genetic Selection
Information Systems

Keywords

  • evolutionary psychology
  • exploitation
  • forgiveness
  • interpersonal relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Forgiveness Results From Integrating Information About Relationship Value and Exploitation Risk. / Burnette, Jeni L.; McCullough, Michael; van Tongeren, Daryl R.; Davis, Don E.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 345-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c02a538f6044405b89aaf2d5d382d104,
title = "Forgiveness Results From Integrating Information About Relationship Value and Exploitation Risk",
abstract = "Exploitation is a fact of life for social organisms, and natural selection gives rise to revenge mechanisms that are designed to deter such exploitations. However, humans may also possess cognitive forgiveness mechanisms designed to promote the restoration of valuable social relationships following exploitation. In the current article, the authors test the hypothesis that decisions about forgiveness result from a computational system that combines information about relationship value and exploitation risk to produce decisions about whom to forgive following interpersonal offenses. The authors examined the independent and interactive effects of relationship value and exploitation risk across two studies. In Study 1, controlling for other constructs related to forgiveness, the authors assessed relationship value and exploitation risk. In Study 2, participants experienced experimental manipulations of relationship value and exploitation risk. Across studies, using hypothetical and actual offenses and varied forgiveness measures, the combination of low exploitation risk and high relationship value predicted the greatest forgiveness.",
keywords = "evolutionary psychology, exploitation, forgiveness, interpersonal relationships",
author = "Burnette, {Jeni L.} and Michael McCullough and {van Tongeren}, {Daryl R.} and Davis, {Don E.}",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0146167211424582",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "345--356",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Forgiveness Results From Integrating Information About Relationship Value and Exploitation Risk

AU - Burnette, Jeni L.

AU - McCullough, Michael

AU - van Tongeren, Daryl R.

AU - Davis, Don E.

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Exploitation is a fact of life for social organisms, and natural selection gives rise to revenge mechanisms that are designed to deter such exploitations. However, humans may also possess cognitive forgiveness mechanisms designed to promote the restoration of valuable social relationships following exploitation. In the current article, the authors test the hypothesis that decisions about forgiveness result from a computational system that combines information about relationship value and exploitation risk to produce decisions about whom to forgive following interpersonal offenses. The authors examined the independent and interactive effects of relationship value and exploitation risk across two studies. In Study 1, controlling for other constructs related to forgiveness, the authors assessed relationship value and exploitation risk. In Study 2, participants experienced experimental manipulations of relationship value and exploitation risk. Across studies, using hypothetical and actual offenses and varied forgiveness measures, the combination of low exploitation risk and high relationship value predicted the greatest forgiveness.

AB - Exploitation is a fact of life for social organisms, and natural selection gives rise to revenge mechanisms that are designed to deter such exploitations. However, humans may also possess cognitive forgiveness mechanisms designed to promote the restoration of valuable social relationships following exploitation. In the current article, the authors test the hypothesis that decisions about forgiveness result from a computational system that combines information about relationship value and exploitation risk to produce decisions about whom to forgive following interpersonal offenses. The authors examined the independent and interactive effects of relationship value and exploitation risk across two studies. In Study 1, controlling for other constructs related to forgiveness, the authors assessed relationship value and exploitation risk. In Study 2, participants experienced experimental manipulations of relationship value and exploitation risk. Across studies, using hypothetical and actual offenses and varied forgiveness measures, the combination of low exploitation risk and high relationship value predicted the greatest forgiveness.

KW - evolutionary psychology

KW - exploitation

KW - forgiveness

KW - interpersonal relationships

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857154882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84857154882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0146167211424582

DO - 10.1177/0146167211424582

M3 - Article

C2 - 22082532

AN - SCOPUS:84857154882

VL - 38

SP - 345

EP - 356

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 3

ER -