Forgiveness as human strength: Theory, measurement, and links to well-being

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

270 Scopus citations


Forgiving promotes continuity in interpersonal relationships by mending the inevitable injuries and transgressions that occur in social interaction. This article presents a conceptual model positing that forgiveness is prosocial change in the motivations to avoid or to seek revenge against a transgressor. Social-psychological factors that are correlates and determinants of forgiving are reviewed. Also reviewed is the current measurement technology for assessing forgiveness constructs at the offense-specific level, the relationship-specific level, and the dispositional level. The links between forgiveness and human health and well-being are also explored. The article concludes with recommendations for future research on forgiving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-55
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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