Forecasting remote atmospheric responses to decadal kuroshio stability transitions

L. Siqueira, B. P. Kirtman, And L.C. Laurindo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Based on observational estimates and global ocean eddy-resolving coupled retrospective initialized predictions, we show that Kuroshio Extension variability affects rainfall variability along the west coast of North America. We show that the teleconnection between the current undulations and downstream rainfall can lead to improved subseasonal to seasonal predictions of precipitation over California, and we demonstrate that capturing these teleconnections requires coupled systems with sufficient ocean resolution (i.e., eddy-resolving), especially over time scales longer than one season. The improved forecast skill is diagnosed in terms of 35 years of retrospective initialized ensemble forecasts with an ocean eddy-resolving and an ocean eddy-parameterized coupled model. Not only does the ocean eddy-resolving model show sensitivity to Kuroshio Extension variability in terms of western North America precipitation, but the ocean eddy-resolving forecasts also show improved forecast skill compared to the ocean eddy-parameterized model. The ocean eddy-parameterized coupled model shows no sensitivity to Kuroshio Extension variability. We also find near-decadal variability associated with a progression of a lower-tropospheric height dipole around the North Pacific and how these height anomalies lead to wind-driven Rossby waves that affect the eddy activity in the Kuroshio Extension with a time lag on the order of four years. This decadal-scale variability (;10 years) opens the possibility of multiyear predictability of western North American rainfall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-395
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Climate
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Atmosphere-ocean interaction
  • Climate models
  • Climate prediction
  • Climate variability
  • Climate variability
  • North Pacific Ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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