Foot and ankle experience in orthopaedic residency

Michael S. Pinzur, David Mikolyzk, Michael S. Aronow, Benedict F. DiGiovanni, Mark S. Mizel, Stephen J. Pinney, Charles L. Saltzman, H. Thomas Temple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Dedicated orthopaedic residency training in the musculoskeletal discipline of foot and ankle is an important contribution to the development of a well-rounded orthopaedic surgeon. Current residency training guidelines are vague and do not require specific experience or proficiency in this discipline. Methods: A one-page questionnaire on commitment to foot and ankle education in American Orthopaedic Surgery residency training programs was completed by all 148 program directors. Results: Eighty of the programs (54.1%) had a single faculty member dedicated to foot and ankle orthopaedics, while 21 (14.2%) did not have a faculty member with a specific interest or commitment to problems related to the foot and ankle. Fifteen programs (10.1%) did not have a committed faculty member, nor did their residents have a clinical rotation dedicated to foot and ankle. Ninety-six programs (64.9%) had at least one clinical rotation dedicated to foot and ankle. Fifty-two (35.1%) did not. Thirty-three (34.7%) of those programs with a dedicated foot and ankle experience assigned residents during at least two periods of their training. Of those programs with a single foot-specific rotation, the most common year for training was in the PGY3 year (27 of 63, 42.9%). Of the 60 months' duration of most orthopaedic residency programs, 39 of 96 (40.6%) programs with a dedicated clinical foot and ankle rotation allocated an average of 12 weeks to foot and ankle. Twenty-six (27.1%) allocated less than 3 total months, and 31 (32.3%) allocated 16 to 24 weeks of dedicated foot and ankle experience. Conclusions: Current residency training in the United States does not universally require a commitment to foot and ankle education. A large number of residency programs do not have a faculty member committed to foot and ankle education, and almost one-third have no time specifically allocated to foot and ankle education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-569
Number of pages3
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003


  • Foot and ankle education
  • Orthopaedic
  • Residency training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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