Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates

Israel Alfonso, Daniel T. Alfonso, Oscar Papazian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Focal upper extremity neuropathies are common in neonates. The brachial plexus is the most common site involved. Brachial plexus injuries may involve different structures, thus producing different clinical presentations: complete brachial plexus palsy, Duchenne-Erb palsy, upper-middle trunk brachial plexus palsy, Klumpke palsy, fascicular brachial plexus palsy, and bilateral brachial plexus palsy. The causes of brachial plexus palsy are obstetric injury, intrauterine compression, humeral osteomyelitis, hemangioma, exostosis of the first rib, neck compression, and neoplasm. The differential diagnosis of brachial plexus palsy includes pseudoparesis, amyoplasia congenita, congenita varicella syndrome, and neurological lesions at other neuroanatomical levels. The cause and the degree of injury dictate the prognosis. The prognosis of obstetric brachial plexus injury is usually good. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-14
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 30 2000

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Brachial Plexus
Upper Extremity
Paralysis
Arm Injuries
Brachial Plexus Neuropathies
Obstetrics
Exostoses
Arthrogryposis
Chickenpox
Wounds and Injuries
Ribs
Osteomyelitis
Hemangioma
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Differential Diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Alfonso, I., Alfonso, D. T., & Papazian, O. (2000). Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, 7(1), 4-14.

Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates. / Alfonso, Israel; Alfonso, Daniel T.; Papazian, Oscar.

In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 7, No. 1, 30.03.2000, p. 4-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alfonso, I, Alfonso, DT & Papazian, O 2000, 'Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates', Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 4-14.
Alfonso I, Alfonso DT, Papazian O. Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 2000 Mar 30;7(1):4-14.
Alfonso, Israel ; Alfonso, Daniel T. ; Papazian, Oscar. / Focal upper extremity neuropathy in neonates. In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 2000 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 4-14.
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