Fluid percussion injury transiently increases then decreases brain oxygen consumption in the rat

Joseph E. Levasseur, Beat Alessandri, Michael Reinert, Ross Bullock, H. A. Kontos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The oxygen consumption (VO2 μL/h/mg) of sham and of traumatized rat brains within 30 min and 6 h after a lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) was measured with the Cartesian microrespirometer. Brain slices were cut at the plain of injury and site-specific 20-60-μg cores of tissue were transferred to the microrespirometer. In sham brains, the cortical VO2 (CVO2) was 13.78 ± 0.64 and the hippocampal VO2 (HPVO2) was 11.20 ± 0.58 μL/h/mg (p < 0.05). Within 30 min of the injury, the respective values of 16.89 ± 0.55 and 14.91 ± 0.06 were significantly increased (p < 0.05). The combined VO2 (CVO2, HPVO2) of 12.49 ± 0.06 μL/h/mg in shams was significantly less than the combined VO2 of 15.90 ± 0.59 μL/h/mg at 30 min post FPI (p < 0.001). The maximal CVO2 of 19.49 ± 1.10 μL/h/mg and the maximal HPVO2 of 15.98 ± 0.99 μL/h/mg were both obtained from the ipsilateral side of the injury. Whereas the contralateral cortical value for injured brains was not significantly different from that of the shams, both ipsilateral and contralateral hippocampal values were significantly greater than that of the shams in response to injury (p < 0.05). By 6 h postinjury, the combined VO2 had dropped to 10.01 ± 0.84 μL/h/mg but was not significantly lower than the sham values. The data indicate that normal CVO2 is greater than normal HPVO2. The FPI produces significant increases in both CVO2 and HPVO2. Also, while the immediate increase in CVO2 appears to be injury-site dependent, that is, regional, the increase in HPVO2 appears to be global.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of neurotrauma
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Cartesian diver
  • Cortex
  • Fluid percussion injury
  • Hippocampus
  • Normal brain
  • Oxygen consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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