Cellular accumulation of daunorubicin (DNR), N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate and THP-Adriamycin (THP-ADR) in doxorubicin sensitive and resistant murine leukemic P388 cells was studied with laser excited flow cytometry. Appearance of DNR fluorescence in P388/S cells was rapid in contrast to that of P388/R cells. A comparison of P388/S and P388//R cells incubated for 20-30 min showed that DNR fluorescence in P388/R cells was one-sixth that of P388/S cells. In contrast, the difference between fluorescence value of P388/S and P388/R cells similarly incubated with N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate or THP-ADR was less than 2-fold. Chlorpromazine, verapamil, and trifluoperazine increased the cellular accumulation and cytoxicity of DNR and THP-ADR but had no major effect on N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate fluorescence or cytotoxicity in P388/R cells. Fluorometric and soft agar assays confirmed the data on the effect of these modulators on drug accumulation obtained by the more rapid method of laser flow cytometry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research