Flame aerosol synthesis of nanostructured materials and functional devices: Processing, modeling, and diagnostics

Shuiqing Li, Yihua Ren, Pratim Biswas, Stephen D. Tse

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

163 Scopus citations


Manufacturing of nanostructured materials and functional devices offers many exciting opportunities for substantial contribution in renewable energy utilization, environmental compliance, and product development. In the past two decades, gas-phase flame synthesis has not only proved to be one of the most scalable and economical technologies for producing well-controlled nanostructured materials, including single metal-oxide, mixed-oxide nanocomposite, and carbon nanostructures, but also has been recognized as robust fabrication method of nano-devices. In this paper, we focus our review mainly on the recent trends in specific applications of flame aerosol synthesis in the last decade, e.g., (a) usage of a substrate in stagnation geometry with controlled particle temperature-time history, (b) application of external fields to control particle characteristics, (c) development of advanced spray technique for doping synthesis of nanocomposites of multicomponent metal oxides or carbon-metal oxides, and (d) fabrication of nanomaterial-based functional devices. For the possibility to improve the design and operation of flame aerosol reactors, we summarize recent advances in: (i) in situ optical diagnostics for either gas phase or particle phase in flame field; (ii) multi-scale modeling and simulation employing gas-phase chemistry, population balance method, molecular dynamics and nanoscale particle dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-59
Number of pages59
JournalProgress in Energy and Combustion Science
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Flame synthesis
  • Functional materials
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Nano-devices
  • Nanocomposite
  • Optical diagnostics
  • Population balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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