Fixed versus response-adapted MOPP/ABVD chemotherapy in Hodgkin's disease: A prospective randomized trial

M. Björkholm, U. Axdorph, G. Grimfors, K. Merk, B. Johansson, O. Landgren, E. Svedmyr, H. Mellstedt, G. Holm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The optimal number of chemotherapy courses in responding patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin's disease (HD) is unknown. Patients and methods: With minimizing chemotherapy and thereby reducing late complications as the objective, patients with advanced HD were randomized to receive either 4 full MOPP/ABVD courses or treatment up to complete remission (CR). Forty-seven patients were given the fixed (FT) and 41 patients the individual treatment (IT). The two groups were balanced according to age, histopathology and sex, although stage IVB dominated in the IT group (20 vs. 8). Results: Sixty-six of 88 patients (75%) achieved CR. No difference between the two treatment groups in the proportion of stage FVB patients was seen when those achieving CR, i.e., the efficacy population were compared. The mean number of single chemotherapy courses given was 3.7 of MOPP and 3.5 of ABVD in the FT group, compared to 2.6 of MOPP and 2.5 of ABVD in the IT group (p < 0.001). The predicted progression-free survival at 10 years was 81% in the FT and 68% in the IT arm, respectively (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference in cause-specific 10-year survival was observed (82% and 83%, respectively; p = 0.18). Long-standing CRs were achieved following minimal chemotherapy. Conclusions: Since there are no available methods to identify long-term disease-free survivors among CR patients following a limited induction treatment, we suggest that the policy of giving 3-4 full MOPP/ABVD courses should continue. The price for such an approach is the overtreatment of a subset of already cured patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-899
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Induction treatment
  • MOPP-ABVD
  • Randomized trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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