First operation anatomic success and other predictors of postoperative vision after complex retinal detachment repair with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade

Ingrid U. Scott, Harry W Flynn, Mei Ying Lai, Stanley Chang, Stanley P. Azen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of first operation anatomic success compared with success after reoperation and preoperative characteristics in achieving ambulatory vision (≥4/200) and good vision (≥20/100) after repair of complex retinal detachment with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study of patients who underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil for retinal detachments associated with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis or a non-cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis etiology, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and ocular trauma. RESULTS: A higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases, compared with the reoperation cases, for eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (72% vs 50%, P < 0.01) and eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (51% vs 38%, P = 0.04). For eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 2.3, P < 0.0001) and reoperation (RR = 0.4, P = 0.05) were independent predictors of postoperative ambulatory vision. For eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 4.0, p < 0.0001) and retinal detachment etiology (P = 0.02) were prognostic factors. Compared to eyes with trauma, eyes with giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 2.8 (P < 0.003), 2.2 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.17) times as likely to achieve postoperative ambulatory vision, respectively. Within the giant retinal tear group, a higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases compared with the reoperation cases (66% vs 31%, P = 0.03). Although not statistically significant, similar outcomes occurred in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy (48% vs 25%) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy groups (54% vs 45%). Similar prognostic relationships were found for good visual acuity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: First operation anatomic success, preoperative visual acuity, and giant retinal tear or proliferative vitreoretinopathy as the retinal detachment etiology are important factors that predict visual outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-750
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume130
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

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Silicone Oils
Vitrectomy
Retinal Detachment
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
Retinal Perforations
Reoperation
Diabetic Retinopathy
Visual Acuity
Retinitis
Wounds and Injuries
Multicenter Studies
Observational Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

First operation anatomic success and other predictors of postoperative vision after complex retinal detachment repair with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. / Scott, Ingrid U.; Flynn, Harry W; Lai, Mei Ying; Chang, Stanley; Azen, Stanley P.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 130, No. 6, 01.12.2000, p. 745-750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of first operation anatomic success compared with success after reoperation and preoperative characteristics in achieving ambulatory vision (≥4/200) and good vision (≥20/100) after repair of complex retinal detachment with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study of patients who underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil for retinal detachments associated with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis or a non-cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis etiology, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and ocular trauma. RESULTS: A higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases, compared with the reoperation cases, for eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (72{\%} vs 50{\%}, P < 0.01) and eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (51{\%} vs 38{\%}, P = 0.04). For eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 2.3, P < 0.0001) and reoperation (RR = 0.4, P = 0.05) were independent predictors of postoperative ambulatory vision. For eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 4.0, p < 0.0001) and retinal detachment etiology (P = 0.02) were prognostic factors. Compared to eyes with trauma, eyes with giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 2.8 (P < 0.003), 2.2 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.17) times as likely to achieve postoperative ambulatory vision, respectively. Within the giant retinal tear group, a higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases compared with the reoperation cases (66{\%} vs 31{\%}, P = 0.03). Although not statistically significant, similar outcomes occurred in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy (48{\%} vs 25{\%}) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy groups (54{\%} vs 45{\%}). Similar prognostic relationships were found for good visual acuity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: First operation anatomic success, preoperative visual acuity, and giant retinal tear or proliferative vitreoretinopathy as the retinal detachment etiology are important factors that predict visual outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.",
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AU - Azen, Stanley P.

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N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of first operation anatomic success compared with success after reoperation and preoperative characteristics in achieving ambulatory vision (≥4/200) and good vision (≥20/100) after repair of complex retinal detachment with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study of patients who underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil for retinal detachments associated with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis or a non-cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis etiology, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and ocular trauma. RESULTS: A higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases, compared with the reoperation cases, for eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (72% vs 50%, P < 0.01) and eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (51% vs 38%, P = 0.04). For eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 2.3, P < 0.0001) and reoperation (RR = 0.4, P = 0.05) were independent predictors of postoperative ambulatory vision. For eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 4.0, p < 0.0001) and retinal detachment etiology (P = 0.02) were prognostic factors. Compared to eyes with trauma, eyes with giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 2.8 (P < 0.003), 2.2 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.17) times as likely to achieve postoperative ambulatory vision, respectively. Within the giant retinal tear group, a higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases compared with the reoperation cases (66% vs 31%, P = 0.03). Although not statistically significant, similar outcomes occurred in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy (48% vs 25%) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy groups (54% vs 45%). Similar prognostic relationships were found for good visual acuity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: First operation anatomic success, preoperative visual acuity, and giant retinal tear or proliferative vitreoretinopathy as the retinal detachment etiology are important factors that predict visual outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

AB - PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of first operation anatomic success compared with success after reoperation and preoperative characteristics in achieving ambulatory vision (≥4/200) and good vision (≥20/100) after repair of complex retinal detachment with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study of patients who underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil for retinal detachments associated with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis or a non-cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis etiology, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and ocular trauma. RESULTS: A higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases, compared with the reoperation cases, for eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (72% vs 50%, P < 0.01) and eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (51% vs 38%, P = 0.04). For eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 2.3, P < 0.0001) and reoperation (RR = 0.4, P = 0.05) were independent predictors of postoperative ambulatory vision. For eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 4.0, p < 0.0001) and retinal detachment etiology (P = 0.02) were prognostic factors. Compared to eyes with trauma, eyes with giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 2.8 (P < 0.003), 2.2 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.17) times as likely to achieve postoperative ambulatory vision, respectively. Within the giant retinal tear group, a higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases compared with the reoperation cases (66% vs 31%, P = 0.03). Although not statistically significant, similar outcomes occurred in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy (48% vs 25%) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy groups (54% vs 45%). Similar prognostic relationships were found for good visual acuity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: First operation anatomic success, preoperative visual acuity, and giant retinal tear or proliferative vitreoretinopathy as the retinal detachment etiology are important factors that predict visual outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

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