First injection and current risk factors for HIV among new and long-term injection drug users

Dale D. Chitwood, J. Sanchez, M. Comerford, John Page, D. C. McBride, K. R. Kitner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to estimate HIV seroprevalence and to examine the injection and sexual risk behaviours of a cohort of active new heroin injectors who have initiated injection within the past four years and to compare their risk behaviours with those of long-term heroin injectors who initiated injection prior to January 1, 1985. A stratified network-based sample was used to recruit injection drug users (IDUs) from the streets of Miami-Dade, Florida. New IDUs displayed a significantly lower HIV seroprevalence than long-term injectors (13.3 versus 24.7%). Both new and long-term drug injectors exhibited a high level of current HIV risk behaviour. While new injectors were more likely than long-term injectors to practise safer injection behaviours at the initial injection episode, the current risk behaviours of new and long-term injectors are similar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume12
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 13 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Drug Users
risk behavior
HIV
drug
Injections
Risk-Taking
HIV Seroprevalence
Heroin
Sexual Behavior
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

First injection and current risk factors for HIV among new and long-term injection drug users. / Chitwood, Dale D.; Sanchez, J.; Comerford, M.; Page, John; McBride, D. C.; Kitner, K. R.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 12, No. 3, 13.07.2000, p. 313-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chitwood, Dale D. ; Sanchez, J. ; Comerford, M. ; Page, John ; McBride, D. C. ; Kitner, K. R. / First injection and current risk factors for HIV among new and long-term injection drug users. In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 2000 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 313-320.
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