First injection and current risk factors for HIV among new and long-term injection drug users

Dale D. Chitwood, J. Sanchez, M. Comerford, J. B. Page, D. C. McBride, K. R. Kitner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to estimate HIV seroprevalence and to examine the injection and sexual risk behaviours of a cohort of active new heroin injectors who have initiated injection within the past four years and to compare their risk behaviours with those of long-term heroin injectors who initiated injection prior to January 1, 1985. A stratified network-based sample was used to recruit injection drug users (IDUs) from the streets of Miami-Dade, Florida. New IDUs displayed a significantly lower HIV seroprevalence than long-term injectors (13.3 versus 24.7%). Both new and long-term drug injectors exhibited a high level of current HIV risk behaviour. While new injectors were more likely than long-term injectors to practise safer injection behaviours at the initial injection episode, the current risk behaviours of new and long-term injectors are similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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